The ECTC has assembled a teaching and learning library for use by ECTC participants and alumni. A list of titles is available covering the following topics:

  • Content-Based Instruction
  • English Language Learners in the Content Classroom
  • Multicultural and Bilingual Education
  • Second Language Acquisition and Linguistics
  • Sheltered-Content Instruction (SIOP Method)
  • Subject-specific resources

A variety of learning resources related to ECTC’s courses are provided below. These selected resources are intended to supplement and enhance students’ thinking and discussions about the specific topics covered in class. Some links (e.g. JSTOR articles) are available only to OSU students or those with valid subscriptions.

Language and Society

The following list of articles and websites expands on major discussion topics raised in Susan J. Dicker’s Languages in America: A Pluralist View (2nd edition).

Language and Identity

  • Gloor, B. L. (2006). From the melting pot to the tossed salad metaphor: Why coercive assimilation lacks the flavors Americans crave. Retrieved from:
  • Lippi-Green, R. (1997). English with an Accent: Language, Ideology and Discrimination in the United States. London: Routledge.
  • Ricento, T. (1996). A brief history of language restrictionism in the United States (TESOL’s Recommendations for Countering the Official English Movement in the US).

Bilingual Education

Misconceptions About Language Learning

Languages in Schools

  • Cummins, J. (1994). The discourse of disinformation: The debate on bilingual education and language rights in the United States. In T. Skutnabb-Kangas and R. Phillipson (eds) Linguistics Human Rights: Overcoming Linguistic Discrimination (pp. 159-177). Berlin: Gouton de Gruyter.
  • Dutcher, N. (1995). Overview of foreign language education in the United States.
  • Lenker, A., & Rhodes, N. (2007). Foreign language immersion programs: Features and trends over 35 years. Retrieved from:
  • Olsen, L. (2000). Learning English and learning America: Immigrants in the center of a storm. Theory into Practice, 39(4), 196-202.
  • Pufahl, I., Rhodes, N. C., & Christian, D. (September 2001). What can we learn from foreign language teaching in other countries. Retrieved from:
  • Rennie, J. (1993). ESL and bilingual program models (Eric Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics). Retrieved from:
  • Foreign language instruction in the United States: A national survey of elementary and secondary schools. Retrieve from:

English Only and Official-English Movements

  • Baron, D. (1990). The English Only Question: An Official Language for Americans? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Citrin, J., Reingold, B., Walters, E., & Green, D. P. (1990) The “Official English” movement and the symbolic politics of language in the United States. The Western Political Quarterly, 43(3), 535-559. Retrieved from:
  • Macedo, D. (2000) The colonialism of the English Only movement. Educational Researcher, 29(3), 15-24. Retrieved from:
  • Padilla, Amado M. (1991).The English-Only movement: Myths, reality, and implications for psychology. American Psychologist, 46(2), 120-130. PDF Retrieved at:
  • Phillipson, R. & Skutnabb-Kangas, T. (1996) English only worldwide or language ecology? TESOL Quarterly, 30(3), 429-452 Retrieved from:
  • Roberts Auerbach, E. (1993). Reexamining English Only in the ESL classroom. TESOL Quarterly, 27(1), 9-32.

Multilingualism in Other Countries

  • Clyne, M. (1997). Multilingualism in Australia. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 17, 191-203.
  • Krashen, S (1999). Why Bilingual Education? ERIC Digest. Retrieved from:
  • McKay, S. L. (1997). Multilingualism in the United States. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 17, 242-264.
  • Milton, P. (2006). Multilingualism: The Canadian way. Education Canada, 46(4), 55-57.
  • Paradowski, M. B. The benefits of multilingualism. Retrieved from:
  • Pattanayak, D. P. (1995). Multilingualism in India. Language in Society, 24 (4), 608.
  • Rampton, B. (1997) Multilingualism in England. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 17, 224-241.
  • Sridhar, K. K. (1996). Language in Education: Minorities and Multilingualism in India. International Review of Education, 42(4), 327-347.
  • Tucker, G. R. (1999). A global perspective on bilingualism and bilingual education. Retrieved from:
  • Tucker, G. R. (1997). Multilingualism and Language Contact. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 17, 3-10.

Language Prejudice

Organizations that challenge multilingualism and bilingual education in America